Myelodysplastic Syndromes-MDS-is the name given to a group of little-known conditions where the bone marrow does not produce enough normal blood cells for the body to function properly. This can result in the crushing fatigue that is characteristic of anemia and increased infections and bleeding because of low white cells and fewer platelets. The only way to cure MDS is with a stem cell transplant-but since the disease is frequently diagnosed in elderly people-a stem cell transplant isn't generally regarded as safe for that patient population. Over the last several years researchers have come forward with new, less intense treatments for this condition. In this program, we travel to Boston & Martha's Vineyard, Mass, Dusseldorf Germany and Florence Italy to hear about the latest treatments that can help many patients with MDS-even those who are in their 80s or 90s.