In this second episode, Laurence Rees looks at the peak of Adolf Hitler's popularity in Germany throughout the 1930s and his decision to invade France in 1940. In Nuremburg, huge numbers of people gathered to pay homage to Hitler, filling the streets in celebration of their leader. Yet Hitler had not hypnotised the German people into following him, they did so willingly. Hitler's ultimate aim was to take Germany into a war of racial conquest to gain a vast new empire. But since many of his followers did not want war, Hitler had to persuade his people to maintain their faith in him and embrace conflict.