European Journal

Season 32, Episode 35 of 52

Norway: Deadly Danger - More often than not, people associate tsunamis with Japan. But people living around Geirangerfjord in Norway are well aware of their own vulnerability to a huge tidal wave. Mount Ã…kernes threatens to crash into the fjord, with incalculable consequences. Geologists are measuring and monitoring the steep mountain's movements, and are sure the tsunami that would result from a major landslide would inundate the surrounding villages. Scientists say an 80-meter tidal wave following a collapse would sweep everything into the narrow arm of the sea. 4,000 villagers are at risk. Some have already moved to higher elevations. Others continue to live down near the water, despite the threat of a natural disaster. The area has already experienced two such disasters. In 1905 and 1934, dozens of people lost their lives. Romania: Fearless Shepherds - Their lives are poor, archaic and not without danger. Shepherds in Romania have to be on constant alert for wolves and brown bears that attack their herds. Some 5,000 to 6,000 bears roam the forests of the Carpathian Mountains. There are especially large numbers of them in summer. Then thousands of shepherds with their sheep dogs trek through the mountains and valleys of the Carpathians. Usually just a wooden box serves as summer accommodation. The dwelling stands in the middle of the area where they feed their flocks. That makes its easier for the shepherds to keep an eye on their animals and protect them. Bears and wolves aren't the only danger for the shepherds, however. Germany: Resolute Refugees - Countless refugee dramas have taken place off the coast of Lampedusa. Year after year, tens of thousands of people fleeing Africa end up on the Italian island. But hardly any of them want to stay in Italy. One group has managed to get as far as Berlin. In recent history the Berlin district of Kreuzberg has enjoyed a reputation for being unconventional and nonconformist. For several months now it's also been accommodating several dozen refugees from Morocco, Senegal, Sudan and other African countries. The immigrants Africa haven't found a permanent home there, however. They are living in a disused school, tolerated by the authorities, eyed warily by residents, beset by the police. As most are threatened with expulsion, some took refuge on the roof of the school. Britain: Historical Trauma - A hundred years after World War One, Britain is remembering not only the 17 million victims who lost their lives on all fronts and sides, but also the many men who returned home from the battlefields of Europe with psychological scars. Some of the former soldiers suffered from a hitherto unknown disorder: shell shock. Sergeant Bernard Brookes, a signaler, wrote a diary describing the appalling conditions in the trenches and his difficulties after being invalided out of active service with the condition. He wrote extensively about how society treated the traumatized returning soldiers. His letters and diary were published in book form early last year.

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