Children of the Holocaust Marie "Mushka" Turim


Marie "Mushka" Turim

Marie Turim
Born 1934 in Paris, France She was six years old when the Germans invaded France. She and her mother and foster brother fled Paris and moved to Île d'Oléron, where they passed as Gentiles to hide from the Nazis.


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Marie 'Mushka,' age 6
Mushka, age 1, was born in Paris.
Her father, Grigory Aronson, taught at the University of Moscow. Her mother, Anna Yakovna, was a student at the university when they met.
Anna Yakovna, Mushka’s mother, in 1928. By the age of 25, she had already served time in a Soviet prison for her political beliefs as a Menshevik.
Anna completed her studies in Berlin, earning a PhD in early childhood education and a second PhD in metallurgy. Before the Holocaust, she was the first director of Germany’s first federally funded daycare center.
Anna’s siblings, Dorothy and Michael Yakovna, were both married and had children when the Germans invaded. She was the only survivor of the Yakovna family.
Mushka, age 2, in Paris. During this time, in 1936, her parents were helping Jews and socialists leave Nazi Germany.
Lucien Montaderre was Marie’s foster brother. His birth mother, Simone, was a single woman who couldn’t take care of him. Although he wasn’t a Jew, Lucien went into hiding with Mushka and her mother when the Germans invaded France in 1940.
Mushka, Anna, and Lucien lived in a barn in Ile d’Oleron, an island off the Atlantic coast of France. Mushka and her mother passed as Gentiles. Anna worked for the local government as a German translator.
Mushka (right), age 7, on a New York City subway train with a friend. She and her parents managed to escape from Nazi-occupied France and move to the United States in 1941.
Anna and Grigory in 1970 in their apartment on 110th street in Manhattan.
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